Origami (折り紙, from ori meaning "folding", and kami meaning "paper"; kami changes to gami due to rendaku) is the traditional Japanese art of paper folding, which started in the 17th century AD at the latest and was popularized outside of Japan in the mid-1900s. It has since then evolved into a modern art form. The goal of this art is to transform a flat sheet of paper into a finished sculpture through folding and sculpting techniques, and as such the use of cuts or glue are not considered to be origami. Paper cutting and gluing is usually considered kirigami.
The number of basic origami folds is small, but they can be combined in a variety of ways to make intricate designs. The best known origami model is probably the Japanese paper crane. In general, these designs begin with a square sheet of paper whose sides may be different colors or prints. Traditional Japanese origami, which has been practiced since the Edo era (1603–1867), has often been less strict about these conventions, sometimes cutting the paper or using nonsquare shapes to start with. Source: Wikipedia .
It doesn't really matter what kind of paper you use, certain types of paper that are specifically used/made for origami, are expensive. And so, many people use normal square sheets, or cut sheets into squares. You can notice the difference though, origami paper is the best and maybe the easiest to work with, since other kinds of paper can be thicker and therefore harder to fold when you have little folds, or when you have to be careful. Long sentence is long.
You can find ALOT of tutorials on Youtube that explain and show you everything from scratch, or more advanced tutorials that just show you the actual folds. Some even tell you about the kind of folds you use.
This one is even self invented by this guy (doesn't look too hard to invent though)
Another example of Origami (If you're a beginner) This seems fun to try:
LOTR Origami [Pic]
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